Each of Vermont's 14 counties has a Superior Court, Civil
Division. The Civil Divisions are trial courts where civil matters such as
breach of contract, eviction, foreclosure, personal injury, land disputes,
medical malpractice, and wrongful death cases are heard. Appeals from the
Probate Division are also heard in Civil Division. While the Civil
Division is not designed for pro se litigants (persons representing themselves
in court cases), there is no prohibition against it. Persons appearing in
the Civil Division are expected to be familiar with the Vermont Rules of Civil
Procedure and with the Vermont Rules of Evidence. The geographic
jurisdiction for a Civil Division is the county in which it is located.
The Civil Division also includes Small Claims Courts, which
are designed for pro se litigants. Forms are provided in Small Claims
Court for persons to use in the small claim process. Cases with money
damages claims of up to $5,000 can be filed in Small Claims Court.
U.S. Passport applications are processed at most Civil
Division Courthouses throughout the state, although not all Civil Divisions do
provide that service.