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Vermont Judicial Bureau

Judicial Bureau








Vermont Judicial Bureau

PO Box 607

White River Jct., VT  05001



Honorable Michael Pratt, Chief Hearing Officer

Honorable Howard Kalfus, Hearing Officer

Gabrielle Lapointe, Clerk of the Court


The Judicial Bureau was created by law to operate under the supervision of the Supreme Court.  The Judicial Bureau has statewide jurisdiction over civil violations.  Police and other government officials have authority to charge civil violations, including for example:

  • traffic violations
  • municipal ordinance violations
  • fishing, hunting, and trapping violations
  • alcohol and tobacco violations
  • burning and waste disposal violations
  • environmental violations
  • lead hazard abatement violations
  • cruelty to animals violations

A person served with a Civil Violation Complaint has 20 days to Answer by filing a plea of admitted, no contest, or denied.  If a person admits or does not contest a violation, the Waiver Penalty is assessed.  Depending on the violation, license points and suspensions may be issued by the Dept. of Motor Vehicles or Dept. of Fish and Wildlife.  If a person denies the alleged violation, a Court Hearing will be scheduled before a Hearing Officer.  An elected Assistant Judge may be assigned to act as a Hearing Officer.  The State and Defendant have a right to Appeal the judgment within 30 days.  Appeals are decided by the District Court.  Beginning July 1, 2010, appeals will be decided by the Superior Court.  Judicial Bureau procedures are governed by the Vermont Rules of Civil Procedure, in particular Rule 80.6.

The Judicial Bureau has two Hearing Officers. The Judicial Bureau Clerk of the Court and staff are responsible for the daily operations of the court.  The Judicial Bureau Clerk's Office is located in the courthouse at 82 Railroad Row, White River Jct., VT.

Judicial Bureau hearings are held at many courthouses throughout Vermont.  If you need information about a hearing location, please call 802-295-8869.