Are the courts in Vermont open?
- Yes, Vermont’s courts are open, but they are operating differently than they were before the COVID-19 pandemic started. Increases in vaccination rates and changes in the number of cases reported may have an impact on court operations.
- For example, while some hearings, including trials, will now be held in-person some hearings are still being held remotely.
- Please visit the Participating in Remote Hearings page for tips and frequently asked questions to learn how to prepare for and participate in a remote hearing.
- For details about operational changes, including the latest health and safety protocols in Vermont courthouses, refer to Administrative Directive No. SG-2 below:
The Judiciary conducted an in-depth assessment of HVAC systems for every courthouse in the state. Based on the results of those assessments, some Vermont courthouses are open with limited in-person access. Additionally, some courthouses are limited-entry due to a lack of sufficient security staffing.
If you have questions about an upcoming hearing in a limited-entry courthouses or you need to file documents with the court or retrieve documents from the court, please check with your attorney or call the Judiciary’s Information Center at 802-652-1900.
Policies for courts with limited in-person access are as follows:
- Only 1 or 2 persons will be allowed in the lobby at a time. If someone is already being served, you will need to wait outside until it is your turn.
- The counter is open to pick up and drop off paperwork only or for brief customer service needs. If you need time to fill out paperwork you will be asked to return to your vehicle to do so.
- The taking of fees, fines, bail, and rent into court payments is available at the windows.
- Public Access Terminals at limited-entry courthouses are not available at this time.
- Many hearings in limited-entry courthouses are being held remotely. Please check your hearing notice for information on how to access the remote hearing.
- Courthouses not listed below are open, including access to Public Access Terminals.
- Please note: the Orleans County Criminal Courthouse in Newport is conducting in-person hearings and trials, however there is a capacity limit in the courthouse. Please call ahead (802-334-3325) or check with the security staff at the front door.
The list of limited-entry courthouses can be found below:
Unit: Essex (all divisions)
Courthouse Address: 75 Courthouse Drive, Guildhall, VT 05905
Unit: Franklin (Civil and Probate divisions)
Courthouse Address: 17 Church Street, St. Albans, VT 05478
Unit: Orleans (Criminal division)
Courthouse Address: 217 Main Street, Newport, VT 05855
NOTE: People should check their hearing notice to see if the hearing will be done remotely or in-person.
Unit: Orleans (Family, Civil, and Probate divisions)
Courthouse Address: 247 Main Street, Newport, VT 05855
NOTE: Courthouse is not open to the public on Fridays.
Unit: Washington (Civil and Probate divisions)
Courthouse Address: 65 State Street, Montpelier, VT 05602
Unit: Windham (Civil division)
Courthouse Address: 7 Court Street, Newfane, VT 05345
Where can I get information about the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the courts?
- This webpage will be updated with the latest information about COVID-19 and court operations.
Where can I get information about the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on my case?
- If you have a question about your case you should check with your attorney or call the Judiciary’s Information Center at 802-652-1900.
Can I come to court?
- You can come to court if you are a party to a case that has been set for an in-person hearing. Some hearings will still be held remotely. If you are unsure whether your hearing will be held remotely or in person, check your hearing notice, call your attorney, or call the Judiciary’s Information Center at 802-652-1900.
- You can also come to court if you if you need to be there as part of a hearing and you are a witnesses, lawyer or legal staff, a guardian ad litem, an interpreter, a communications specialist, or a qualified mental health professional.
- If you are part of a relief-from-abuse (RFA) or civil stalking case, you can bring one support person. This support person can be a domestic-violence advocate, a family member, or a friend.
- You can come to court to observe a hearing if you are a media member and you had a permanent or one-time registration prior to the Supreme Court’s March 16 Declaration of a Judicial Emergency. The Judiciary will not act on any applications for one-time registrations while the Supreme Court’s Emergency Declaration is in effect.
What do I need to know before I come to court?
- Do not come to court if you are sick.
- A court security officer will screen you before you can enter the courthouse. The officer will ask you COVID-19-related health questions. Your answers will help court staff determine whether it is safe for you to enter the building.
- If you are not allowed to enter the courthouse you will be given the telephone number of the clerk’s office. If you have an attorney, you should call your attorney. If you do not have an attorney you should call the clerk’s office as soon as possible. The clerk’s office will review your situation with the judge in your case. The judge may allow you to have a hearing online or by phone.
- You must wear a face covering or a mask at all times while you are in the courthouse. Your face covering or mask must cover your mouth and nose. If you do not have your own face covering or mask, the court security officer will give you a cloth mask.
- Children under two are not required to wear a face covering or mask.
- If you cannot wear a face covering or mask for a medical reason, you must bring a note from a doctor and show it when you are screened.
- You must keep six feet away from other people while in the courthouse.
- You may see signs telling you to stand or sit in specific locations or to walk in a specific direction.
- You may be asked to leave the courthouse if you do not wear your mask. You may also be asked to leave the courthouse if you do not keep six feet away from other people. If you leave court before your hearing is over and you have an attorney you should call your attorney. If you do not have an attorney you should call the clerk’s office as soon as possible. The clerk’s office will review your situation with the judge in your case. The judge may allow you to join the hearing online or by phone.
What safety measures are in place to keep visitors to the courthouse safe?
- Courts are being cleaned regularly. Cleaning practices are based on guidance from the Centers for Disease Control and the Vermont Health Department.
- Screening equipment is being cleaned every hour and the inside areas of courthouses are being cleaned at least once a day.
- Hand sanitizer and disinfecting supplies are available at customer service counters, public access terminals, and in courtrooms. You can use these items to clean areas of the courtroom where you sit or wait.
- Please use the public restrooms to wash your hands often.
- Plexiglass or glass partitions are being installed at customer service counters.
- Judges and court staff are required to wear masks, and you may see some staff wearing face shields for additional protection.
Where can I find court forms?
- You can find court forms on the Court Forms webpage.
- Paper forms are also available at the screening station in each courthouse.
- If you have a question about which form to use you should contact the clerk’s office. Phone numbers for the clerks are available on the Court Locations webpage.
How can I file documents?
- You may file your document electronically
- If you are required to e-file in eCabinet or Odyssey, you must use these online systems. This requirement applies mostly to lawyers.
- If you are someone without an attorney and your case is in Windham, Windsor, or Orange county, you can use these systems if you want to, but you do not have to.
- To learn more about e-filing go to the Electronic Filing webpage.
- If you are not required to e-file using these online systems, you can e-mail your filings to the court. Email addresses for the courts are on the Court Locations webpage.
- If you email a filing:
- You must attach your filing(s) to your email and send the email to the court where the case is being heard.
- You must include the docket number of the case and the division where the case is being heard (for example, “Family Division,” “Criminal Division,” “Civil Division,”) in the subject line of your email.
- You must include a signature on your filing. The signature can include your typed name with an /s/ in front of it (for example, /s/ Jane Doe). An electronic version or scanned copy of your signature is also permitted.
- Other types of signatures are also allowed. If you have questions about what signature to use in an email filing you should contact the Judiciary’s Information Center at 802-652-1900.
- If you email a filing:
- You can place your paper filing in the court’s drop box. There is a drop box located at the entrance of each courthouse.
- You can mail your filing directly to the court. Mailing addresses for the courts are available on the Court Locations webpage.
I need to file a Relief from Abuse (RFA) petition. What can I do?
- If you need an RFA after regular court hours you should call the court’s RFA hotline at 1-800-540-9990.
- If you are filing an RFA during regular court hours see the FAQ called “How can I file documents?”
- For any RFA, you may also want to call the statewide domestic violence hotline at 1-800-228-7395 for additional support.
I am a landlord seeking to file foreclosure actions or eviction actions for nonpayment of rent. What do I need to know?
The Court has established special pleading requirements for eviction and foreclosure proceedings potentially affected by the federal CARES Act, Pub. L. No. 116-136. That Act sets forth specific requirements for properties financed by federally backed loans or participating in certain federal housing programs when they are the subject of an eviction for nonpayment or a foreclosure action.
In any eviction action for nonpayment of rent of a tenant in residential housing commenced on or after March 27, 2020, the plaintiff must attach to the complaint a certificate that either the Act does not apply to the leased property or that the plaintiff has complied with the applicable provisions of the Act.
Similarly, in actions for residential foreclosure filed between March 27, 2020, and December 31, 2020, the plaintiff must certify compliance with applicable provisions of the CARES Act.
In all foreclosures of a one-to-four-unit residential property filed after October 14, 2021, and before December 31, 2021, the plaintiff must attest to compliance with 12 C.F.R. § 1024.41(f)(3) by completing and filing Appendix C with the foreclosure complaint. In addition, in foreclosures of a one-to-four-unit residential property filed on or after August 31, 2021, but before October 14, 2021, the plaintiff must attest to compliance with 12 C.F.R. § 1024.41(f)(3) by completing and filing Appendix C by November 4, 2021. Failure to comply may result in dismissal of the foreclosure action.
The Court has taken these measures because in both eviction and foreclosure proceedings, the court must be informed as to whether the CARES Act applies. The information necessary to make that determination is not readily accessible to the individual tenant or homeowner. Plaintiff landlords and lenders have both the need for this information in their operations and the capacity to acquire and present it with relatively little effort. Forms for the certification are provided below as Appendix A and Appendix B. The certifications must be substantially in this form.
- Also, in any action for eviction of a residential tenant based solely or in part on nonpayment of rent and filed after December 1, 2021, the summons and complaint must be accompanied by Appendix D, which is a notice regarding the availability of funds through the Vermont Emergency Rental Assistant Program (VERAP).
Can I get court records if I can’t enter the courthouse?
- Yes. The first step is to complete the Request for Access to Court Records form
- Email addresses for the courts can be found on the Court Locations webpage.
- The court will fill your request as soon as reasonably possible. (
Many court hearings are now being held remotely because of COVID-19. That means some or all of the people participate by video or phone, including judges and attorneys. Please visit the Participating in Remote Hearings page for tips and frequently asked questions to learn how to prepare for a remote hearing. If you would like to view a non-confidential hearing, please visit the Public Access to Remote Hearings page.
The Vermont Supreme court has a committee that is looking into what would be required to hold certain trials remotely. Information for attorneys and jurors participating in remote jury trials can be found below.
Jury trials have restarted in Vermont after having been suspended in March 2020 because of COVD-19. Visit the Jury Service During COVID-19 page to see more information and frequently asked questions.
The Vermont Supreme Court issued Administrative Order 49 on March 16, 2020, declaring a Judicial Emergency and detailing changes to court operations due to the outbreak of COVID-19. The Order has been amended several times. A consolidated version of the Order with all amendments can be viewed here:
On May 13, 2020, the Vermont Supreme Court approved the recommendations contained in a Report that is the Judiciary’s blueprint for expanding operations in the context of the COVID-19 Coronavirus pandemic.
In late May the Vermont Supreme Court established a Jury Restart Committee and named Associate Justices Karen Carroll and Harold Eaton as its co-chairs. The committee was asked to consider issues relating to the resumption of criminal jury trials, which were suspended by the Supreme Court in its mid-March Declaration of a Judicial Emergency due to COVID-19. In addition to the co-chairs, the committee includes two superior judges, a court operations manager, a state’s attorney, a public defender, and a representative from the Vermont Bar Association.
The committee submitted its report to the Supreme Court on July 21. The report includes 28 recommendations regarding the resumption of criminal jury trials. These recommendations address a range of operational issues associated with restarting jury activity, including those relating to community safety and public health. The report does not address the resumption of civil jury trials.
“The committee report provides us with a thoughtful and detailed roadmap to consider in connection with our efforts to reestablish jury trials – an essential feature of our justice system,” said Chief Justice Paul Reiber. “The Justices and I greatly appreciate their work.”
The Supreme Court has asked Chief Superior Judge Brian Grearson and the State Court Administrator Patricia Gabel to review the committee’s report and provide the Court with an implementation plan based on its recommendations. The committee report is available below. The implementation plan will be posted to the Judiciary’s website once this review has been completed.